The name of this Polish town is Oswiecim, and it is widely known for being the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp during the Second World War, when Nazi Germany occupied Poland. The camp was also known as the KL – KZ Auschwitz – Birkenau, but is now known by its official name Auschwitz / Bir Kenenau Memorial Museum and the largest museum of its kind in Europe. Most people in Poland and worldwide, however, generally associate Oswaldo with his cruel concentration camps. There are many other reasons to visit it, such as the fact that there is a museum in the city, as well as a memorial to the victims of Auschwitz and other camps, so there are many interesting things to look forward to, both in terms of the history of Poland and the history of Poland itself.
It seems that Poland, which has devoted resources to a struggle with the term “Polish Camps,” is not prepared to go so far as to correct facts that are not necessarily flattering to Poles. The Jewish community sees the Polish far right political campaign as a symbol of Poland’s complicity in the Nazi Holocaust, and an insult to Jews for property stolen from them by the Nazis and then nationalised by their communist regime.
The Germans, who carried out the Final Solution on Polish soil and who were widely accused of having collaborated with them, on the other hand, deplored the largest “Jewish cemetery in the world” and deplored the fact that they oversaw its construction.
I digress, anyway, it is located in the south of Poland, between the cities of Katowice and Krakow, and has an international airport served by a low-cost airline.
If you are planning a special trip to Poland to visit Auschwitz, an airplane is the most convenient way to travel. The closest major city to Auschwitz is Krakow, and the city is 2 km from the Auschwitz concentration camp. If you grab a car, it takes
exactly 1 hour and 15 minutes to drive from Krajow to Auschwitz. There is a direct train that connects Krakow with Auschwitz II, about 2.5 km away in the city of Wroclaw, the capital of Poland’s southernmost province.
Before Auschwitz became the ultimate symbol of the Holocaust, it was an ordinary Polish town known as a small town, home to Jews until the end of World War II, when most of them were put to sleep in the Holocaust.
Between 1940 and 1945, the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp and its sister camps were built and put into operation on the outskirts of the city. In the so-called Auschwitz death marches, an estimated 60,000 prisoners were forced to leave the camp and enter the camps in groups accompanied by Nazi guards. Hungarian Jews were taken to Auschwitz after the liquidation of the last Polish ghettos, and many of them were taken by SS authorities as forced labourers to other concentration camps in Germany and Austria. German authorities in occupied Poland deported 728 Polish prisoners to a prison in Tarnow.
Auschwitz-Birkenau was part of a network of Nazi concentration and labour camps built around the Polish city of Oswiecim. The Auschwitz camp system, located in the town of Oswiecim, was a concentration camp complex built by Germans in occupied Poland during World War II. Auschwitz is a German name given by the Nazis, while the original Polish name was Oswiescim (pronounced Osh – veent 🤷🏾♂️).
Polish prisoners, including Catholic prisoners, operated Auschwitz as a prison for Jews, Poles and other non-Jews of other nationalities. Built on the site of the former Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in the city of Oswiecim, it soon became a big house for a number of other people of all nationalities.
The Polish inhabitants of several districts had to leave their homes because the Germans wanted to keep the area around the Auschwitz concentration camp empty. The Germans gave Auschwitz a barrack, which was previously used by the Polish and Austrian armies.