Lake Albert, Africa 🧐

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Something Long And Complicated visits Lake Albert, Africa 🏴‍☠️

This week I am on a trip to one of the most beautiful places in the world, Lake Albert, Africa’s second largest lake. Sources: 7

According to the former Energy Ministry Commissioner, Kampala, Uganda, is confident that the country’s fledgling oil development, the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP), will solve one of Africa’s biggest oil and gas supply problems and act as an important catalyst for the development of Uganda’s oil industry. Paris – Total and Tullow have signed an agreement whereby Total will acquire a 50% stake in the Lake Albert development project, including the East African crude pipeline. Under the terms of the deal, Total will acquire an existing 33.3334% stake in Uganda and extract the proposed 1.2 billion barrels of crude oil from the oilfield.

Under the terms of this agreement, in exchange for Total’s participation in this project and a number of other projects in East Africa, the Company will also acquire the rights to all assets and rights in the LakeAlbert development projects, which include the East-West oil pipeline and all assets in South Africa and Tanzania. Under these conditions, Total will acquire an additional 30% stake in Ugandan oil fields and a further 10% of its existing and proposed 3.5 billion barrels of oil reserves. Sources: 11, 12

We will explore the largest lake in Africa, where the best places to visit and discover the unique cultures you will find along the way. Lake Albert is not as deep as Lake Victoria, but only about 100 metres deep and just over 100 metres deep. When you look at the area, which is a correct method of determining a large lake, Lake Victoria is by far the largest lake in Africa, with 1.5 billion barrels of oil reserves. Sources: 8, 13

It is a freshwater lake, and its main outlet is the Victoria Nile in the north, but it flows into the river Semliki from the south. As a result, most fish in Lake Albert are widespread river fish species, which also occur in the main section of the Nile. It is so deep that it can turn silt on some islands, some of which have been left as bird habitats and others turned into fishing villages. Lake Albert has 55 species of fish, including a large number of fish species such as white-legged fish and brown trout, as well as many other species. Sources: 0, 13, 14

Lake Albert’s outflow into the Nile is the Semliki River, a tributary of the Victoria Nile in the north and an important water source for South Sudan. There is also the Albert Nile, which turns into the mountain nil from the south, and there is an outflow into the Albert Lake from this Nile. At the southern end of this lake, it is located on the river Semlika, which also forms the border between the two countries for a stretch. Sources: 0, 1, 15

Lake Albert is located in the eastern part of South Sudan, on the border between Sudan and Uganda. It is the second largest freshwater lake in Africa after Lake Victoria, which borders Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. At the southern end of this lake there is a drain into Lake Albert from the Semliki River, a tributary of the Victoria Nile, but no drain out of this river. Sources: 1, 6, 10, 14

The main source of Lake Albert is the Victoria Nile, which originates from Lake Victoria in the southeast, and the Semliki River, which originates from Lake Edward in the southwest. The Nile flows through the southern part of the lake and provides water for agriculture, fisheries and other purposes in South Sudan and Uganda. Since the water of the Victoria Nile is much less salty than that of Lake Albert, it can be shown that it does not affect this lake as much as the water of other lakes in Africa, such as Lake Kivu in Uganda and Lake Burundi in Kenya. The SemLiki River is an important source for neighboring communities to obtain water for agriculture and livestock. It flows from its source in Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Kenya to the south – west and west – east. Sources: 0, 6, 15

Tensions in the lake are being exacerbated by the dispute between the DRC and Uganda over the ownership of Rukwanzi Island. There is also an ongoing dispute over the status of Lake Kivu, Africa’s second largest lake and South Africa’s largest, which has led to several refugees from the contested north-eastern region of South Sudan defecting to the lake in search of safety in Uganda, causing further tension there. Lake Albert has received little attention in recent years, as the number of tourists to the area, especially to its southern and eastern parts, is rather low. Sources: 2, 4, 9

Under the Ngurdoto – Dar – es – Salaam Treaty, the two enemies were forced to talk about the border, but also about many other issues. Following an incident earlier this month, Uganda and the DRC agreed to discuss the status of Lake Kivu and other parts of the Democratic Republic of Congo in the Lake Albert region and to set up a commission to explore the possibility of sharing oil resources from the region. The latter two developments are likely to further inflame tensions over recent oil discoveries in the LakeAlbert Bunyoro region, which is spreading from the coast, and over how funds from these reserves will ultimately be distributed. As we have already observed in the case of Lake Albert, no concessions have been awarded and no concession on the DRRC side of Lake KIVu has progressed to this stage. Sources: 2, 3, 5

Places: Lake Albert, Africa 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

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